Moral Re-Armament (MRA) was a religious organisation formally established in 1938, having emerged from the Oxford Group of the Rev. F.N.D. Buchman. In the late 1930s it developed the view that, although nations were re-arming for war, what the world required was moral re-armament. Global change was predicated upon individual change, and the movement sought personal change based on 'Four Absolutes': absolute honesty, absolute purity, absolute unselfishness, absolute love.
MRA members were encouraged to become involved in other social and political campaigns. Following the Second World War MRA worked for reconciliation between former enemies, and for decolonisation, among other issues.
MRA changed its name to Initiatives of Change in 2001.