Mothers' Movement

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A member of the Mother's Movement giving a Nazi salute

The Mothers' Movement refers to the coalition of 20th century right wing groups and organizations in the United States predominantly made up of female members. They represented an anti-World War II, anti-Communist, anti-Roosevelt, anti-Semitic and pro-Nazi agenda. Their numbers included:

With a membership of up to 6 million, they wielded considerable influence, and were only halted by the Great Sedition Trial in 1944.


The Mothers' Movement began in California in 1939, shortly after the German invasion of Poland. It grew rapidly until around 100 separate groups were affiliated to it, with estimates of at least 6 million members, although the Chicago Tribune, which championed their cause, claimed that there were 10 million members alone in just one group, the National Legion of Mothers of America. The membership was "disproportionately white, middle class and middle aged. Christianity was dominant, with denominational diversity."[1] Groups in the midwest tended to be predominantly Protestant, while the eastern groups were made up of mostly Roman Catholics. The leadership were exclusively white middle aged Christians, mainly college-educated and belonging to the upper middle class.[2]



  1. Jeansonne, Glen Women of the Far Right: The Mothers' Movement and World War II (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1997) ISBN 0-2263-9587-1
  2. Jeansonne op cit
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