World History Homework Ten Answers - Student Seventeen
1. When and where was the Industrial Revolution? It started in the early 1700s, in England, and developed fully by 1760, but some historians credit the iron industry in China under the Song dynasty and the textile industry in India as the precursors of the Industrial Revolution.
- Correct. Note that the Industrial Revolution lasted in England until 1840.
2. Pick your two favorite scientists or mathematicians from the 1800s and explain what you like about them. Louis Pasteur. I have always been a fan of him, even before learning much history (to tell the truth, I learned about him from a science-based cooking show), and I enjoy hearing about all the accomplishments that he has. I actually wasn’t sure if he was a Christian before, but now I am.
Marie Curie. I find her interesting because she discovered radioactivity and used gamma and x-rays from radium for x-ray imaging. No one knew the real danger of radioactivity back then and it was actually considered healthy to be around it. This brought in a large amount of consumer products that contained radioactive material, which is generally a bad idea.
- The dangers of radioactivity are overhyped; it's brought far more good than harm. Excellent answer regardless.
3. Do you think the Industrial Revolution was good or bad, and why? I think it was mostly good. It was good because it made it easier to produce goods at a lower cost, but, like inflation, too much of this can be a very bad thing indeed.
- Superb, though I think the Industrial Revolution was far better than inflation is!
H2. What is your view of imperialism, and whether it is sometimes good? This is a very subjective question, because how good or bad whatever is influencing something is, is greatly reliant on what the motives are. Picture it like this; imperialism is like a car going very fast: if there is a criminal in that car, well then it’s just his get-away car…but if there’s a police officer in that car, he can have a positive effect.
- Interesting answer! May use as a model.
5. What is imperialism? Describe the four patterns of imperialism. Imperialism is the influencing (cultural, religious, etc.) of one country by another. The imperialism between England and America in the 1600-1700s was in the form of Mercantilism, in which the mother country would buy raw goods from its colonies, fabricate them into other objects, and sell them to other countries.
The four patterns of imperialism are:
• Establishing colonies, then the mother country would influence them.
• Then there are protectorates, where a larger country would protect a smaller one, sort of like a good big brother.
• Another lesser-known form of imperialism is the “spheres of influence”, in which one country has special trading privileges over another.
• Last but not least, there was “economic imperialism”, where an outside influence controls a private business in another country.
6. Describe an aspect of Africa in the 1800s, such as an example of imperialism. An example of imperialism in Africa was by the King Leopold II of Belgium, where he exploited Africa for rubber, put large plantations, and made natives work for unreasonably low wages. On top of all of this, they renamed this region the Belgian Congo.
H6. Discuss any aspect of the lecture. Dimitri Mendeleev was a Russian chemist who put together the periodic table which is still used today. He not only put it together, but he accounted for gaps in which elements that were not discovered yet would go, he went even further when he predicted the properties of these elements using the periodic law. An example of this was Mendeleev’s new element, ekaaluminum (Ea), which is what we know as gallium (Ga) today: his predicted atomic mass was 69, the actual atomic mass is 69.7. His predicted density was 6.0 g/cm3, the actual density is 5.9 g/cm3. I am amazed at the accuracy of these predictions, and in honor of his contributions, they named an element after him: Mendelevium (Md).
- Superb answer! Will use as a model!
- Terrific homework answers, including two model answers. 70/70.--Andy Schlafly 15:36, 19 April 2009 (EDT)