Endangered Species Act

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The Endangered Species Act of 1973 was enacted to provide federal protection for species, such as the bald eagle,[1] that were placed on the list of endangered species.

Section 7(a)(2) of the Act divides the responsibilities for protecting endangered species between the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce.

The act has been seen[Who says?] as an attempt by liberals to take legitimate concerns (the threat to the national bird) and turn it into environmental hysteria that interferes with legitimate business interests, individual rights, and states' rights.

The Property and Environment Research Center notes, "At most, only eight species can be described as recovered: the brown pelican, three Palau Island birds, the American alligator, the Rydberg milk-vetch, the gray whale, and the Arctic peregrine falcon, although some others that remain listed are doing well." These recoveries are not necessarily the result of the ESA. For instance, the private World Center for Birds of Prey assisted the peregrine falcon's recovery.[2]


  1. In 2007, the bald eagle was removed from the endangered species but laws against possession of its feathers remained in place.[1]
  2. Richard L. Stroup (Apr. 1995) The Endangered Species Act: Making Innocent Species the Enemy

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