Hawkins v. United States

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In Hawkins v. United States, 358 U.S. 74 (1958), the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously upheld (one concurrence) application of the Fifth Amendment to marital unity such that a criminal defendant has the right to prevent his spouse from testifying against him.

This decision was partially overturned in United States v. Trammel, leaving only a privilege to be held by the witness (and not by the defendant) to decline to testify against her defendant-spouse.