Lymphogranuloma Venereum

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There are three different sub-types of the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis that cause lymphogranuloma venereum
Lymphogranuloma venereum is a sexually transmitted disease that mainly infects the lymphatics.[1] There are three different sub-types of the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis that cause lymphogranuloma venereum. [2] Lymphogranuloma venereum is more common in Central America and South America than in North America and there are a few thousand cases of lymphogranuloma venereum each year in the United States.[3] The main risk factor is having multiple sexual partners.[4] Lymphogranuloma venereum is one of the maladies associated with gay bowel syndrome.[5]

Outbreaks of Lymphogranuloma Venereum and Homosexuality

See also: Homosexuality and lymphogranuloma venereum

The abstract of the 2014 medical journal article Clinical predictors of rectal lymphogranuloma venereum infection: results from a multicentre case-control study in the U.K. which was published in the medical journal Sexually Transmitted Infections declares: "Since 2003, over 2000 cases of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) have been diagnosed in the U.K. in men who have sex with men (MSM). Most cases present with proctitis, but there are limited data on how to differentiate clinically between LGV and other pathology."[6]

In March of 2007, the Journal of Clinical Microbiology reported that there was an ongoing epidemic of lymphogranuloma venereum in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Europe, the United Kingdom, and North America. [7] In August of 2007, the Norweigan medical journal Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening stated that LGV has been a rare condition in the western world but since 2004 there have been frequent reports from larger cities in Europe and the United States and the outbreaks have been limited homosexual men.[8] The abstract for the January of 2007 journal Clinical Infectious Diseases states that "We found a significant burden of this once-rare sexually transmitted infection among MSM in the United Kingdom. LGV may be contributing to the epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus infection by facilitating transmission." [9] The reports of levels of proctitis in the homosexual men infected with lymphogranuloma venereum varied in the different outbreaks of lymphogranuloma venereum.[10][11][12]

References

  1. http://www.emedicine.com/EMERG/topic304.htm
  2. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000634.htm
  3. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000634.htm
  4. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000634.htm
  5. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000634.htm
  6. Clinical predictors of rectal lymphogranuloma venereum infection: results from a multicentre case-control study in the U.K., Pallawela SN1, Sullivan AK1, Macdonald N2, French P3, White J4, Dean G5, Smith A6, Winter AJ7, Mandalia S2, Alexander S8, Ison C8, Ward H2., Sex Transm Infect. 2014 Jun;90(4):269-74. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2013-051401. Epub 2014 Mar 31.
  7. Lymphogranuloma venereum in Australia: anorectal Chlamydia trachomatis serovar L2b in men who have sex with men. J Clin Microbiol 2007 Mar;45(3):1029-31
  8. Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening 2007 Aug 23;127(16):2094-5
  9. Clinical infectious diseases 2007 Jan 1;44(1):26-32
  10. Clinical infectious diseases 2007 Jan 1;44(1):26-32
  11. Eurosurveillance 2006;11(9):152-4
  12. Lymphogranuloma venereum in Australia: anorectal Chlamydia trachomatis serovar L2b in men who have sex with men. Eur J Clin Microbiol 2007 Mar;45(3):1029-31