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The Magi (also referred to as Wise Men) were persons who traveled from East of Bethlehem in order to pay homage to Jesus, as described in Matthew 2.

Neither the actual number of Magi nor their origin (other than coming from the east) is mentioned in Scripture. Tradition holds that there were three, as Jesus was given three gifts upon their arrival: gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Tradition also ascribes them names (Caspar, Melchior, and Balthazar) and varying origins (one common one found in nativity scenes has each one representing the three anthropological races, signifying that Jesus would be the king of all humanity regardless of race or national origin: Caspar portrayed as Caucasian, Melchior as Asian, and Balthazar as African).

The gifts themselves have all been given varying symbolic meanings: one is that the gold represents Jesus as king, the frankincense representing His Deity, and the myrrh representing his ultimate sacrificial death.