New Mexican Spanish

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New Mexican Spanish is a term for the dialect, and sub-dialects, of the Spanish language spoken in New Mexico. When written it follows merged rules of the established in colonial-era Spanish as well as Latin American Spanish.

Differences

Pronunciations

  • Loanwords from other languages, such as; troca (truck) and telefón (telephone). Even Standard Spanish words have become loanwords for other terms ojo (eye) doubles as "hot spring" in NM Spanish.
  • Numerous words have changed pronunciation due to contact with American English, New Mexican English, and Native American languages of the area, such as; bolsa (pocket) is pronounced with a very short /b/ sound nearly sounding like mulsa, and miércoles (Wednesday) is pronounced with an unstressed /i/ making ist sound almost like mercoles.
  • Casa (house) and caza (hunt) have merged in pronunciation.
  • Yo seigo is sometimes used instead of yo soy".

Spelling

  • Similarly to New Mexican English, chile is only used in reference to the New Mexico chile pepper, chili is equated to other peppers and Texas style chili con carne.

References

  • A Dictionary of New Mexico & Southern Colorado Spanish by Rubén Cobos