Nouri Maliki (born June 20, 1950) was the Prime Minister of Iraq from 2006 to 2014. He is a Shiite Muslim. After the rise of the Baathist party in the 1970s, Maliki was involved in underground resistance efforts to topple the regime of Saddam Hussein. He fled the country in 1980 and settled as a refuge in Syria. More than twenty years later, after the United States liberation of Iraq, he returned and was part of the writing of the country's new constitution. He was chosen to be Iraq's prime minister in April, 2006. He has a 37-member Cabinet that was approved by the National Assembly. On December 30, 2006, Maliki signed a death warrant of Saddam Hussein and said there should be "no review or delay" in the event.
Maliki resigned on August 14, 2014.