The '''Battle of Thermopylae''' was a famous [[battle]] during the [[Greco-Persian Wars]], fought in northwestern [[Greece]]. It is known for the fact that 300 [[Sparta]]n soldiers and 3700 other [[Ancient Greece|Greek]] soldiers (most notably the Thespians) held off an army of several hundred thousand [[Persia]]n soldiers (led by [[Xerxes]]) for three days, therefore giving the rest of Greece time to group and prepare to the south. It was considered to be a defining moment in the war.
There was a king of Persia named Darius. He conquered many places in his time as king. He had a very strong army because he was one of the monarchs of the Achaemenid empire. That is the empire which Cyrus the great had started. He always helped to improve his empire. He started many construction projects and enhanced the economy of his empire. Many of his actions and life and reign as king were documented on the Bisitun rock. These inscriptions detailed king Darius’s life and included many facts about his past and his lineage. He rose to power by taking the throne away from the false king Gaumata. This is the beginning of the battle. He sent many heralds and ambassadors to Greece. He asked them to give their authority to the king. The nationalists and patriots of Greek were disgusted. They wanted to keep the power in their own lands. So they took those people and threw them into wells and other places. Then he died and his son ( king Xerxes) took over. He wanted to finish his father’s original plan and take over the land of Greece. And he sent more heralds to the Greeks. They refused again to give power over. And the battle was planned and started.
The battle of Thermoplaye was a very important time in human history. It was a very decisive battle between the Greek and Persian army. The Greek army at the time was much smaller than the Persian army. Thermoplyae is a mountain pass which is located at a mountain pass. This place is the site where many battles took place. Though the battle between the Greeks and Persians is arguably the most important battle of all. There were 300 Spartan soldiers and about 1500 allied soldiers. They all wanted to take a stand against the Persians. The number of Persian soldiers is unclear and is disputed by many historians. The king who lead this battle against the Persians was King Leonidas. He was the king of Sparta (Lacedaemon) at the time. The king who ordered the Persians was named Xerxes 1. Even though the Greeks were only few in number, they managed to hold off his army for 3 days. Eventually the far superior army of the Persians took their toll on the Greeks and they were thought to be defeated. But some of the army stayed back to fight. This included king Leonidas. Eventually these few people were also defeated and this is where Leonidas met his demise.
This story became a legend to future Greeks.
== Greek/Persian ==