The Synoptic Gospels are the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The word synoptic is Latin, derived from the Greek roots sun, meaning "with", and opsis, meaning "seeing". The sense of the word is therefore "seen together", as the three Gospels share so much of their content. Much of the material in Mark's Gospel, and Luke's, expands upon Matthew . John's Gospel, in contrast, follows its own narrative. Biblical scholars have postulated the existence of an additional hypothetical Gospel account named Q (for the French word Quelle, meaning "source"), from which the authors of Matthew, Mark and Luke all drew some of their material.
- For example, Matthew 21:17-18 is clarified by Mark's expansion in Mark 11:11-20.
Matthew 4:13 is clarified and expanded by Luke 3:19 and 4:14-31.