Temporal lobes

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An animation of a human left temporal lobe (right is side similar). (photo obtained from Wikimedia commons, see: license agreement)

About.com declares concerning the temporal lobes: "The temporal lobes are one of the four main lobes or regions of the cerebral cortex. Structures of the limbic system, including the olfactory cortex, amygdala, and the hippocampus are located within the temporal lobes. The temporal lobes play an important role in organizing sensory input, auditory perception, language and speech production, as well as memory association and formation."[1]

The temporal lobes are two areas of the brain located above the ears, near the temples (hence the name). Auditory information travels directly to the temporal lobes, making them the primary site where hearing is registered. Thus, damage to the temporal lobes can lead to severe auditory inhibition.

Dr. Rhawn Joseph writes:

The temporal lobes are unique. These are the only regions of the brain that subserves personalized, subjective emotional and social experience and can store and recall this information from memory. The temporal lobes also contains the core structures of the limbic system involved in emotion and memory, the amygdala and hippocampus.[2]

According to the Center for Neuro Skills:

Kolb & Wishaw (1990) have identified eight principle symptoms of temporal lobe damage: 1) disturbance of auditory sensation and perception, 2) disturbance of selective attention of auditory and visual input, 3) disorders of visual perception, 4) impaired organization and categorization of verbal material, 5) disturbance of language comprehension, 6) impaired long-term memory, 7) altered personality and affective behavior, 8) altered sexual behavior.[3]