American History Homework Two Answers - Student Two
BethanyS - DONE
1. I think they were:
(1) Colonists were accustomed to much independence and self-determination, and Tory efforts to regulate and tax were bitterly opposed by the Colonies (and by Whigs in England).
(4) Legally, colonies disagreed with "virtual representation."
(5) Religious reasons: many colonists disliked Anglicans (and Catholics), and feared England would install an Anglican bishop.
- Good, but put in your own words.
2. The phrase "taxation without representation" originated from Reverend Jonathan Mayhew. He used the phrase in one of his sermons because he was adamantly against the method of taxation Britain used.
3. On December 16,1773 a group of colonists led by Samuel Adams dressed as Indians and raided a ship loaded with tea in the harbor. They dumped all tea on board the ship into the harbor. Probably one of the best know things about this action was what the colonists did after ruining the tea. Once the tea was all floating in the harbor, Samuel Adams commanded the colonist to clean the ship - sweep, mop, whatever was necessary to make it clean.
- Superb, but "best known" rather than "best know."
4. No, I don't blame anyone for the Salem Witch Trials. I think that the girls who appeared to be possessed were either mentally ill or just wanted attention and were very good actors. But then again, the girls really may have been possessed by the devil, who was using them to bring down the religious people in the colony.
5.False. The more religious freedom colonies had, the more they were able to think and make decisions on their own. Plus, they had the motivation to fight because they knew that if the Colonies lost, they would not have freedom of religion any more.
- Good analysis, but use specific examples to illustrate your point. (Minus 1).
6.What happened to the Lost Colony?
Soon after starting a colony, a group of the colonists left to go back to England for more supplies. Upon their return, they found the settlement abandoned. The only trace was the word "Croatan", the name of the neighboring tribe of Indians.
There are many speculations of what could have happened. Example are: Roanoke was destroyed by a Natural Disaster(i.e. Tsunami, Hurricane), the Croatans killed the entire colony. However, if the destruction was from natural disaster, then why would they carve the word "Croatan" into the tree? If the colony was killed by Croatans, then why did they only find the bones of one man? Also, when some of the colonists left to get supplies from England, they made the agreement that if the colonists were in danger, they would carve a message into a tree and sign with a cross. When they found the carving on the tree it did not have a cross, hence the colonist could not have been in danger. The last possibility and most excepted one is that the colonists relocated to Croatan Island and eventually merged into Indian Culture. The bones found at Roanoke could have been a man who died from disease or even starvation, this would have been a good cause for the colonist to go to the Indians for help.
7. From head to tail, the cartoon shows the snake in pieces each one representing a colony. These colonies were part of the rebellion against Britain. The phrase under the picture says, "Join or Die." This means that if the rest of the Colonies do not join with the rest, they will die. I think it was probably made around 1773.
- Good, but off by 20 years. Note that Georgia is missing because it was so new.
H1. When I first looked at the map of The Thirteen Colonies, I was amazed at how different the land covered by each colony is from that of the states today. I was also surprised that to the west of these colonies, there is no "official settled land". Most of the States have changed a lot since 1775.
H2. Shortly before the American Revolutionary War, Britain began taxing the colonies on many common supplies. They established a tea tax, a stamp tax, a document tax, and many more. As the colonists rebelled against the taxes, Britain continued to raise the taxes as well as close major ports. Did Britain have the right to tax the colonists? Yes and No, Britain had the right to establish a general tax, however, they did not have the right to establish such severe taxes on the Colonies...especially without the colonies having a say in it.
H5. Do you think a jury should be able to ignore the law in order to find a defendant "not guilty?"
Yes, I do think a jury should be able to ignore the law in order to find a defendant not guilty. If the judge is fully convinced that the defendant is not guilty and there is evidence supporting this conclusion, then he should have the right to declare them not guilty. However, when the jury is declaring the defendant not guilty out of bias or such things, then he should not have that right.
- Great work! 99/100.--Aschlafly 14:31, 23 September 2008 (EDT)