World History Homework Eight Answers - Student 3

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1. Whom do you appreciate most from the Enlightenment, and why?

Unfortunately, probably one of the most important Philosophers from this time period was David Hume. Not so much for what he, himself did, but more for what he caused. He was basically the precursor for evolution and Darwinism. I have a feeling that a lot of the tragedy that we see today from evolution would not exist if it had not been for David Hume.

2. Explain what the Scientific Revolution was.

The Scientific Revolution began when an influential scientist named Nicolaus Copernicus made an unheard of claim, which contradicts the previously believed scientific law of Ptolemy. His claim was that the Earth actually revolved around the sun. This put the Catholic Church in something of a frenzy because they were too stubborn to put aside their previous beliefs that the earth was actually in the center of the universe. This period also included great philosophers and mathematicians such as Johannes Kepler and Galileo

3. Some say that Isaac Newton was the most influential person in world history after Jesus Christ. What is your view? Explain.

He was certainly one of them, and his work was just astounding, although to say he was the most influential person in world history after Christ is a bit too broad of a statement for me to make. However I will say that he was the most influential scientist of all time.

4. Describe an aspect of the Age of Exploration.

The greatest discovery made during this fascinating time period was obviously the discovery of America, which was made by the bold and Christian Christopher Columbus. Not only was he the first person from the Western hemisphere to set foot in America, but he was also arguably the greatest navigator that ever lived.

5. What were the nation-states? Give an example as part of your answer.

The nation states were a lot of the countries that we see today in Europe, they grew quite a bit during the Renaissance. The Holy Roman Empire was a great example of the nation states.

6. The “invisible hand” was discovered and explained by whom? Discuss, including when, why, the effect, and the name of the work. The” invisible hand” was discovered by Adam Smith in 1776, it held the groundwork for Capitalism and I very influential to this day.