Nation of Islam
The Nation of Islam is a political and religious group with a race-based, pro-black philosophy. The group was founded in Detroit, Michigan by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad in July 1930. It is active primarily in America.
They believe that black people are racially superior to other races, and that the "blue-eyed devils" (whites) were selectively bred from blacks by an evil black scientist named Yakub, whose work supposedly took hundreds of years for him and his disciples to fully whiten his creations, with the intent to enslave the black race.
The Nation of Islam teaches that founder W.D. Fard was God incarnate and that Elijah Muhammad was a prophet. Traditional Islam teaches that no human can be an incarnation of God and that Muhammad was the last prophet. As NOI teachings contradict the first pillar of Islam in two ways, and due to their teachings on race, a subject that the Qu'ran is silent on, the Nation of Islam is not considered Islam by the overwhelming majority of Muslims.
Martin Luther King described Elijah Muhammad's movement in his Letter from Birmingham Jail:
- Nourished by the Negro's frustration over the continued existence of racial discrimination, this movement is made up of people who have lost faith in America, who have absolutely repudiated Christianity, and who have concluded that the white man is an incorrigible "devil." 
- Elijah Muhammad
- Louis Farrakhan
- Malcolm X (Later broke away from NOI and became a mainstream Muslim, changing his name to Malcolm Shabazz.)
- Muhammad Ali (His ties to the NOI were severed after a dispute regarding his divorce.)