Agustin de Iturbide

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Agustin de Iturbide (1783—1824) was a Mexican revolutionist and emperor of Mexico (1822—23). He served as an officer in the royalist army when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla revolted, but Iturbide helped quash the rebelling peasants.

The Treaty of Córdoba (1821) ensured the independence of Mexico, but without Hidalgo's social reforms. Iturbide was the head of a provisional government which eventually became dictatorial. Iturbide became emperor Agustín I in 1822.

In 1823, Iturbide was forced to flee to Europe. Unaware of a decree by the Mexican Congress forbidding his return, Iturbide was captured in 1824 upon his return, and then tried and executed.