American Birth Control League

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The American Birth Control League (ABCL) was an organization founded in 1921 by Margaret Sanger to promote the ideas of birth control.[1] The League consisted of other similar organizations, such as the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau (BCCRB) and the Clinical Research Bureau (CRB).[2]

Early leaders

Among the prominent early leaders of the ABCL were Katharine Hepburn, Lothrop Stoddard, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Sanger herself.[3] Stoddard, a prominent leader among eugenists, was a close personal friend of Sanger.[4][5][6]

Several notable people were in leadership positions of the ABCL, many of who were staunch believers in eugenics, such as C. C. Little, Board of Directors for the ABCL[7] and President of the American Eugenics Society;[8] Adolf Meyer, Advisory Board of the ABCL[9] and member of the Eugenic American Breeders Association;[10] Harry H. Laughlin, Board of Directors for the ABCL[11] and Director of the Eugenics Record Office; Edward Murray East, Advisory Board of the ABCL[12] and author of the 1927 eugenic work Heredity and Human Affairs; Raymond Pearl, Advisory Board of the ABCL[13] - Pearl later repudiated his earlier eugenic views.[14][15]