Anastasio Somoza Debayle

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Anastasio Somoza Debayle (December 5, 1925 – September 17, 1980) was the president from Nicaragua from May 1, 1967 to May 1, 1972 and again from December 1, 1974 to July 17, 1979. He is the son of Anastasio Somoza García and brother of Luis Somoza Debayle. Anastasio was also the chief of the National Guard. It was also claimed that Anastasio during the December 1972 Earthquake had pocketed the relief money for rebuilding Managua, which led to the Socialist Sandinistas to revolt, although this conflicts with his not being president at the time (the earthquake occurred on December 23, 1972 while Anastasio had been out of office from May 1 that same year until December 1, 1974).

In 1977 the Leftist Sandinistas started to fight the government of Somoza. The U.S. government supported Somoza to fight the Socialist rebels.[1] In 1979 he fled to Paraguay, where he was murdered by People's Revolutionary Army, an Argentinan terrorist organization. Somoza was buried in Miami,[2] shortly thereafter the Sandinistas took power and the Nicaraguan Civil War started between the new Socialist government and the Conservative Contras. Somoza left five children. His son Anastasio Somoza Portocarrero escaped to Guatemala.

Somoza is known as dictator, while it is ignored that the Sandinistas were much more brutal.[3]