The Annapolis Convention, officially the Meeting of Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the Federal Government, was a meeting at Annapolis, Maryland, in September 1786. It came shortly after the Mount Vernon Conference, and was a step toward a federal convention to revise the Articles of Confederation.
When they got together at Annapolis the broader possibilities of a general convention upon the question of interstate commerce presented itself to the members of the convention, and out of the Annapolis convention grew the movement which culminated in the federal convention and in the federal constitution. That historic fact is of as much, if not more, interest to us in the discussion of the problems of this conference than it was then in the discussion of the problems of the Annapolis convention. The developments of the last few years in the establishing of new methods of taxation of interstate corporations and in the upholding of the powers of the states as against the properties of the corporations of other states for purposes of taxation, makes it essential that in the consideration of the problems now before us we should hark back to the difficulties that confronted the country at that time and to the spirit that controlled the settlement of those difficulties.
Early on, nine states selected delegates to attend the convention, but many did not arrive on time. There were twelve delegates in total who did attend, but the makeup of those in attendance did not reach a quorum. The twelve delegates who attended were:
- New York: Alexander Hamilton and Egbert Benson
- New Jersey: Abraham Clark, William Houston, and James Schureman
- Pennsylvania: Tench Coxe
- Delaware: George Read, John Dickinson, and Richard Bassett
- Virginia: Edmund Randolph, James Madison, and St. George Tucker
- Proceedings of Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the Federal Government Annapolis in the State of Maryland, September 11, 1786
- APPENDIX A, The Annapolis Convention