Ashurbanipal was an Assyrian king, who reigned from 668 BC to 627 BC. He was the last great king of Assyria, and he is known for his interest in the arts, building the first systematically organized library in the ancient Middle East.
- Biography at the Encyclopedia of World Biography (2004)
- Biography by Joshua J. Mark at the Ancient History Encyclopedia
- Wiseman, Donald John. Ashurbanipal. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 1, 2017.