Basil Hume

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Cardinal Basil Hume (1923-1999) was a British clergyman and leader of the Roman Catholic church in England & Wales. Born in Newcastle upon Tyne, he was an obscure Benedictine abbot teaching at a Yorkshire public school (Ampleforth) when selected to become the new Archbishop of Westminster, the position that serves as the de facto Catholic leader of England and Wales.

Cardinal Hume had "a more liberal outlook than the Pontiff, and "emphasised the Church's role in fighting for social justice."[1]

His interceded on behalf of the Guildford Four, who had been wrongfully convicted as IRA bombers. Cardinal Hume's efforts helped cause their release from jail.[2]


  2. Id.