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Bluegrass is a genre of country music developed by Bill Monroe during the 1940s, which is typified by the use of fiddles, banjos, mandolins, guitars, string bass, as well as high falsetto vocals. Bluegrass has strong links to the traditional folk musics of Kentucky, North Carolina, and the Appalachian hills.

The genre is named after Monroe's band, the Bluegrass Boys, which is turn was named after his home state of Kentucky, the 'Bluegrass State', so called because of the plant bluegrass which is common in parts of Kentucky. Bluegrass music was most successful from the mid 1940s to the mid 1950s, but is still popular among bluegrass enthusiasts around the world today.