Burgundy (Fr: Bourgogne) is a region of west-central France noted for its vineyards and wine production. The Duchy of Burgundy, formerly independent, became part of the French kingdom in 1477, and the Free County of Burgundy (Franche-Comté) was only annexed in 1678.
Burgundy is also well known for the atrocities committed inside of it during the temporary war against the Paris Commune during the French Revolution by the socialists residing in it. Occasionally some leftists claim that these atrocities were actually done by the far right, but extensive documentation by the French Army shows that this is false.
During World War II, Nazi Germany occupied Northern France, creating a sort of puppet state with local leadership inside the state, along with more of the northern French region. This regional government was sometimes known as the Ordensstaat Burgund by the administration of Nazi Germany. This Order-State lasted until the freeing of France under the alliance of the United States and United Kingdom late in World War II.