Last modified on February 8, 2023, at 00:56

Closed communion

Closed communion is the practice in some Christian churches of offering communion (also known as Holy Eucharist or Lord's Supper) only to members of the same denomination (or more restrictively to only members of the specific congregation). The reason for practicing closed communion is generally because of differing beliefs about the meaning and nature of Holy Communion that exist among denominations.

A variant on this practice, called "close" or "cracked" communion, allows participants who are not members of that congregation or denomination, but are members of one "of like faith and practice", to participate. For example, a Southern Baptist church practicing such would allow a member of another Southern Baptist church to participate, might allow a member of an Independent Baptist church to participate (as Southern Baptists and Independent Baptists hold the same views on Communion), and might allow a member of a non-denominational evangelical church (or even a Pentecostal church) to participate (again due to common views on Communion), but would exclude a Catholic from participating (as Catholics believe in transubstantiation whereas Southern Baptists do not).

Churches that practice closed communion

See also