A conjunction is a word that is used to link words, phrases, or clauses. The following illustrate various uses of the conjunction and:
- I planted daffodils and tulips. (linking words)
- We went out to eat dinner and see a movie. (linking phrases)
- I live in Kansas, and my father lives in Nebraska. (linking clauses)
Coordinating and Subordinating Conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions join two concepts of equal significance, such as compound subjects or independent clauses. In English, the coordinating conjunctions are for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. The mnemonic "FANBOYS" is frequently used to remember these conjunctions.
Subordinating conjunctions join a dependent clause to a sentence. For example: "You can't go to the movies because you haven't finished your work." There are many subordinating conjunctions; these include because, if, since, although, unless, and so that.
Other types of conjunctions
In addition to coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so) and subordinating conjunctions (because, if, since, although, unless, and so that), there are also correlative conjunctions (but also, not only, and/or) and conjunctive adverbs (therefore, however).