The Great Compromise (also called the Connecticut Compromise or Sherman's Compromise) was worked out in the Constitutional Convention in 1789. The Compromise settled the debate over legislative representation between proponents of the Virginia and New Jersey Plans.
The compromise was the work of the three delegates from Connecticut: Roger Sherman, Oliver Ellsworth, and William Samuel Johnson.
The Virginia Plan proposed representation by population, a Bicameral Legislature, and a new Constitution. The larger states supported this plan.
New Jersey Plan
The New Jersey Plan proposed a Unicameral Legislature with one vote per state, and a simple revision of the Articles. The smaller states supported this plan, as it gave them more power.
Roger Sherman probably made the most lasting impact, with his proposal to establish a bicameral legislature (Congress) as proposed in the Virginia Plan. The upper house (Senate) was to contain two votes per state, with Senators chosen by state legislatures. The lower house (House of Representatives) was based on population, with representatives chosen by the people. The Great Compromise also called for the Articles of Confederation to be completely replaced.
- ↑ A Conservative's Treatise on American Government: A Brief Discussion of What a Government, Subordinate to the Sovereign People, Must Do
- ↑ A Year of Colonial American Frontier History: A Daily Pioneer History of the American Colonial Frontier
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 http://library.thinkquest.org/11572/creation/framing/va_nj_plans.html
- ↑ American Government and Politics Today: Essentials 2015-2016 Edition