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Scientific classification
Kingdom Information
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Animalia
Subkingdom Bilateria
Phylum Information
Phylum Chordata
Sub-phylum Vertebrata
Class Information
Superclass Tetrapoda
Class Mammalia
Sub-class Theriiformes
Infra-class Holotheria
Order Information
Superorder Preptotheria
Order Perissodactyla
Sub-order Ceratomorpha
Family Information
Superfamily Rhinocerotoidea
Family Rhinocerotidae
Sub-family Rhinocerotinae
Tribe Information
Tribe Rhinocerotini
Subtribe Rhinocerotina
Genus Information
Genus Elasmotherium
Species Information
Species E. caucasicum
E. inexpectatum
E. peii
E. sibiricum
Population statistics

Elasmotherium (Elasmo=plate, therium=beast) any one of four species of very large, single-horned rhinoceros, once native to the central Asian and European steppes. It was named in 1878 by Johannes Fridericus Brandt.[1]


Elasmotherium was a quadruped herbivore. It is thought to have been a grazer.[2] It is sometimes called the ‘giant unicorn’ because of the single, large horn growing from its head. The horn, made of keratin, could be about six feet long in length.[3] In total, the animal was about six feet tall and twenty feet long, weighing from 3.5 to 4.5 tons.[4][5] Despite being such a large animal, Elasmotherium was capable of reaching swift running speeds, producing the most kinetic energy of all land mammals, at twenty-five miles per hour.[6]


Elasmotherium liked the Pleistocene steppe regions in Europe and Asia. It consumed grasses as an herbivore and is thought to have been a grazer. A likely capable runner and adept swimmer, Elasmotherium could likely thrive in different steppe-regions.[7]

Evolutionary claims

Evolution scientists claim that Elasmotherium is a relative to the Indian rhinoceros due to similarities in size and range/distribution.[8]


  1. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/extinct/Elasmotherium.shtml
  2. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/extinct/Elasmotherium.shtml
  3. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-elasmotherium.htm
  4. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/extinct/Elasmotherium.shtml
  5. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-elasmotherium.htm
  6. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-elasmotherium.htm
  7. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-elasmotherium.htm
  8. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-elasmotherium.htm