English culinary terms from French

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During the Norman Conquest, the French were in control of the English speaking world. From this period, many law and culinary terms entered the English language.

As the English speaking lower classes dealt with the animal itself, these words remain in use in English for the animal. The French speaking higher classes rarely dealt with the animal and instead worked with the food.

Animal Food French
Cow Beef bœuf
Calf Veal veau
Pig Pork porc
Sheep Mutton mouton
Chicken Poultry poulet