Equal Pay Act

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The Equal Pay Act is a federal law enacted in 1963 which prohibits all employers, regardless of their size, from paying women less than men for the same work. The law requires "equal pay for equal work."

Five factors are used to determine whether the work is truly "equal", in order to decide if there is a violation of the law. These factors are:

  • skill level, such as the ability, education, experience, and training required.
  • effort, including both mental and physical demands of the job.
  • responsibility, to the extent it differs by a significant amount.
  • working Conditions, including hazards of the job and comfort of the job environment.
  • same establishment, typically (though not always) requiring the same physical location.

See also

  • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
  • Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990