The Fox Broadcasting Company (often referred to simply as Fox) is a television network. It is owned by Fox Entertainment Group, a part of Rupert Murdoch's 21st Century Fox. The network is named for the sister company 20th Century Fox, one of the six major American movie studios.
Fox News Channel is known for supplying an unbiased look at world events, earning it accolades from conservatives and moderates alike. Fox's other programming, however, is often less laudable. Fox's entertainment division - which airs on a different channel, and is home to such shows of dubious morality as Family Guy and The Simpsons - has been singled out by the Parents Television Council for obsessive violence and sexual obscenities. Additionally, several major shows on Fox's entertainment channels have been known to mock conservative Christians in general, and creationists in specific.
After signing affiliation agreements with a number of independent stations and some stations which had previously been affiliated with ABC, CBS and NBC, Fox launched on October 9, 1986 with its first program, the late night talk show The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers, then began programming in primetime in 1987 by launching a Sunday night lineup including Married... with Children and The Tracey Ullman Show (the latter of which later spun off The Simpsons). Initially beginning with just one night a week of primetime programming (its Sunday lineup), it eventually expanded to a full seven day a week schedule by 1993, also including daytime programming through its Fox Kids program block of animated cartoons (like Tiny Toon Adventures and Animaniacs) and its sole news/political discussion program, Fox News Sunday. Fox eventually became part of the Big Four networks in 1994 when it obtained the broadcast rights to the NFL's National Football Conference games.
Fox is considered by some observers to be a revival of sorts, or a linear descendant, of the now-defunct DuMont Television Network, as DuMont's owned-and-operated stations (including New York City station WABD, now WNYW), which later spun off from parent company DuMont Laboratories to become Metromedia, were purchased by News Corporation (the then-parent company of 20th Century Fox) and went on to form the Fox network in 1986; in addition, the current Fox Television Center in New York City was originally the DuMont Tele-Centre and had been the base of that network's operations prior to the network's closure in 1956, then was known as the Metromedia Telecenter from then until 1986.