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Frankenstein is a gothic science-fiction novel written by Mary Shelley and first published in 1818. It describes the life and actions of Victor Frankenstein, a medical student who succeeds in animating a corpse sewn together from various body parts. The creature is at first friendly, but after it is treated harshly it becomes bitter and resolves to kill its master. After Frankenstein dies of pneumonia, the creature commits suicide. Bram Stoker cited the novel as a major influence on his novel Dracula.

The book was the basis of a dramatic film in 1931, and the creature has generally been made more prominent than its creator. In pop culture, the word Frankenstein is most frequently used to refer to the monster rather than the man who gave it life, much to the displeasure of purists and pedants. Movie titles like "Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein" or "Bride of Frankenstein" obviously refer to the monster.