Frederick the Great

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Frederick the Great aka Frederick II (German: Friedrich der Große or Friedrich II.) (January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was head of the Hohenzollern family and king of Prussia from 1740 to 1786. He succeeded his father, Frederick William I. His childhood had been spent in rigorous military training and education, an education he would put to good use.

He increased and modernized the Prussian army and turned Prussia into a world power. He fought to oppose Austrian ambitions, and earned a great reputation as a military commander in the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). The war netted him Silesia and some other smaller gains.

Frederick was involved in a huge conflict with the Seven Years War from 1756 - 1763, fighting multiple opponents who had larger populations. His only ally was Great Britain and one of his enemies was France. The war crossed continents where in the American colonies it was called the French and Indian Wars.

In 1772 Frederick participated in the first partition of Poland. By the time he died in 1786, he had doubled the area of his country.

According to Timothy Dwight, Frederick was among those the radical atheistic enlightenment philosophers Voltaire, D'Alembert, and Denis Diderot associated with when forming their six-step plan to destroy Christianity in France.[1][2]


  1. The Duty of Americans at the Present Crisis by Timothy Dwight, July 4, 1798
    “About the year 1728, Voltaire, so celebrated for his wit and brilliancy and not less distinguished for his hatred of Christianity and his abandonment of principle, formed a systematical design to destroy Christianity and to introduce in its stead a general diffusion of irreligion and atheism. For this purpose he associated with himself Frederick the II, king of Prussia, and Mess. D’Alembert and Diderot, the principal compilers of the Encyclopedie, all men of talents, atheists and in the like manner abandoned. // “The principle parts of this system were: // “1. The compilation of the Encyclopedie: in which with great art and insidiousness the doctrines of … Christian theology were rendered absurd and ridiculous; and the mind of the reader was insensibly steeled against conviction and duty. // “2. The overthrow of the religious orders in Catholic countries, a step essentially necessary to the destruction of the religion professed in those countries. // “3. The establishment of a sect of philosophists to serve, it is presumed as a conclave, a rallying point, for all their followers. // “4. The appropriation to themselves, and their disciples, of the places and honors of members of the French Academy, the most respectable literary society in France, and always considered as containing none but men of prime learning and talents. In this way they designed to hold out themselves and their friends as the only persons of great literary and intellectual distinction in that country, and to dictate all literary opinions to the nation. // “5. The fabrication of books of all kinds against Christianity, especially such as excite doubt and generate contempt and derision. Of these they issued by themselves and their friends who early became numerous, an immense number; so printed as to be purchased for little or nothing, and so written as to catch the feelings, and steal upon the approbation, of every class of men. // “6. The formation of a secret Academy, of which Voltaire was the standing president, and in which books were formed, altered, forged, imputed as posthumous to deceased writers of reputation, and sent abroad with the weight of their names. These were printed and circulated at the lowest price through all classes of men in an uninterrupted succession, and through every part of the kingdom.”