Gertrude Himmelfarb

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Gertrude Himmelfarb

Born August 8, 1922
Brooklyn, New York
Died December 30, 2019
Washington, D.C.
Spouse Irving Kristol
Religion Jewish

Gertrude Himmelfarb (August 8, 1922 – December 30, 2019), sometimes referred to as Bea Kristol, is Professor Emerita of History at the graduate school of the City University of New York, and wife of Neoconservative scholar Irving Kristol and mother of Weekly Standard Editor William Kristol. She is the sister of Milton Himmelfarb of the American Jewish Committee.


Gertrude Himmelfarb was a graduate of New Utrecht High School and Brooklyn College. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1950.


  • Lord Acton: A Study of Conscience and Politics (1952)
  • Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution (1959)
  • Victorian Minds (1968)
  • On Liberty and Liberalism: The Case of John Stuart Mill (1974)
  • The Idea of Poverty: England in the Early Industrial Age (1984)
  • Marriage and Morals Among the Victorians (1986)
  • The New History and the Old (1987)
  • Poverty and Compassion: The Moral Imagination of the Late Victorians (1991)
  • On Looking into the Abyss: Untimely Thoughts on Culture and Society (1994)
  • The De-Moralization of Society: From Victorian Virtues to Modern Values (1995)
  • One Nation, Two Cultures: A Searching Examination of American Society in the Aftermath of Our Cultural Revolution (2001)
  • The Roads to Modernity: The British, French, and American Enlightenments (2004)
  • The Moral Imagination: From Edmund Burke to Lionel Trilling (2006)


Gertrude Himmelfarb entry at NNDB