The Giro d'Italia (English: Tour of Italy) is a famous cycling race, held annually in Italy during the month of June. The Giro d'Italia, Tour de France, and Vuelta a España are referred to as the Grand Tours of professional cycling. The course of the race changes from year to year, often passing through neighboring countries, but mostly finishes in Milan, the city where the headquarters of the Gazzetta dello Sport were located. The tour often starts in countries other than Italy to create more publicity. The Giro d'Italia was first run in 1909.
The Giro d'Italia is a stage race; that is, it consists of a series of one-day races over different routes, with the overall winner determined by the combined time from all events, with bonus and penalty times removed and added. The mountainous stages are where the larger time gaps are made.
Riders who compete in the Giro d'Italia are members of corporate-sponsored teams, these riders work together to help the team leader or other team members to increase their standing.
Riders in the Giro d'Italia compete in several different competitions; the leader of each competition is awarded a jersey at the end of each stage race. The Pink Jersey is awarded to the overall race leader.
Belgian Eddy Merckx is probably the most famous rider that competed the Giro d'Italia and winner of the most editions in the history of the race together with the legendary Italian racers Alfredo Binda and Fausto Coppi.