|“||The Hashemite family ruled the holy city of Mecca from 1201 CE until 1925 CE, although they recognized the sovereignty of the Ottoman sultan in 1517. This makes King Hussein the head of the Hashemite family which, in addition to being directly descended from the Prophet Mohammad, also represents over one thousand years of rule in the area, and almost two thousand years of recorded presence in the holy city of Mecca.||”|
— Hashemite Royal Family Facebook page.
At the end of World War I Hussein bin Ali, after losing Damascus to France and Baghdad to England, retreated to Mecca and declared himself Caliph. (The Ottoman caliphate was abolished by the Turkish Grand National Assembly in March 1924). Ibn Saud, a tribal cheiftan from desert interior of the Arabian Penninsula, refused to recognize to new Caliph. Ibn Saud invaded Mecca, annexed the surrounding Hejaz, and united the tribes of the Arabian peninsula (with the exception of the tribes of Yemen) under Saudi tutelage. At the Versailles peace talks the Hashemite ruling family was awarded the boobey prize of the land of Moab (which, after the destruction of Sodom, God has eternally cursed sccording to Hebrew, Christian, and Islamic scripture.) It was renamed Transjordan. The new borders were drawn by Sir Winston Churchill.
The Hashemite family for hundreds of years held the title of Custodians of the Islamic Holy Places until the title was usurped by the Saudi ruling clan with the acquiescence of the British Empire. This has left residual resentment and mistrust throughout the Arab and Muslim world and accusations of Western interference in the affairs of Islam.
The common name "Hussein" in the Arab and Muslim world are families whose tribes had at one time sworn allegiance to the Hashemites throughout the Ayyubid, Mamluk, and Ottoman Caliphates.
- Meaning the Hashemite King swore allegiance (bay'ah) to the Turkish Sultan as Caliph of the Muslims while retaining the title as Custodian, or Sharif of Mecca.
- King Abdullah II of Jordan is a total badass, Amanda Macias, Business Insider, 5 February 2015.
- Jeremiah Ch. 48
- Sovereign Creations: Pan-Arabism and Political Order in Syria and Iraq, Malik Mufti, Cornell University Press, 1996, pp.19-21.