Homework Three Answers - Student One

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1. Identify two of the biggest weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.

Under the Articles of Confederation the United States experienced Financial and Foreign policy problems. The Articles of Confederation did not give Congress the power to impose taxes, which made it hard for Congress to carry out its other powers such as raising an army or navy. As for foreign policy, the Article of Confederation made it almost impossible for our young country to get involved in foreign affairs. It was too difficult for the colonies to stand together and have one voice on the issue of Foreign policy.

Terrific answer, could become a model answer!

2. Other than George Washington, who do you think was the most influential Founding Father?

I believe Benjamin Franklin was one of the most influential Founding Fathers. He had witnessed all of the events leading up to the Revolutionary war and played a major role in the forming of the United States. He was an ambassador to France and because of his efforts, he obtained an alliance with them which helped the Patriots win the Revolutionary war. He played a vital part in the Constitutional Convention and reminded the delegates that they needed to seek God before attempting to form a new country.

Superb, with terrific detail.

3. The Constitutional Convention: describe the "what, when, where, and how" about it.

The Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia and took place in the summer of 1787 (May through September). Its original goal was to "fix" the Articles of Confederation. However, once at the convention, the Founding Fathers decided to replace the Articles of Confederation. The reason the Constitutional Convention took place was because the states recognized the weaknesses of the Articles (as stated in question one) and wanted to strengthen the Articles by modifying them.

Excellent.

4. Give an example of George Washington's leadership. Explain.

The best example of George Washington's leadership was when he gave up his position of power for the benefit of others-this marked him as a true leader. A leader has two important characteristics: first, he knows where he is going; second, he is able to persuade other people to go with him. James F. Clarke said, "The difference between a politician and a statesman is: A politician thinks of the next election, and a statesman thinks of the next generation." George Washington was a statesman. He cared more for the growth of America than he did about himself. A true leader is more concerned about the affairs of those he is leading than he is about his own personal gain or rewards. He thought of others more highly than himself.

Fabulous quote and explanation. Could use this as a model answer.

5. "Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports." From where is that quote taken, and what does it mean to you?

The quote is taken from Washington's Farewell Address. Washington was implying that in order to experience political prosperity, America needed to be rooted in morality. True morality can only come from a person who is grounded in their faith. I find this quote very significant because it shows that the Founding Fathers intended for this country to be rooted in faith and based on Christian principles. God was in the center of their politics and George Washington knew that America had only come this far because of His guidance and their faithfulness to upholding godly standards.

Terrific again!

7. President John Adams was only a one-term president. Why?

John Adams was not successful in conducting foreign affairs and experience foreign policy humiliations. He also loved to debate and had a quick temper...not the best qualities for a President to possess.

Correct.

H1. Would you have been an Anti-Federalist with respect to the Constitution? Discuss.

I believe there is a balance somewhere between the Anti-Federalist's position and the Federalist's position. However, I would place myself in the Anti-Federalist party because the idea of a powerful central government seems to contradict everything the Revolutionary War stood for. Although the colonies had been angered by Parliament passing laws without adequate representation from the colonies, the ultimate reason for the Revolutionary war was to separate from England and its monarchy. A powerful central government would appear to me as Déjà vu. The Anti-Federalists were concerned that giving a central government too much power would result in another monarchy and rightly so. There needed to be a balance of power and the Bill of Rights was the perfect way to compromise.

Fantastic answer.

H2. Do you think States have the power of "nullification" with respect to laws passed by Congress? Discuss in the context of the Alien & Sedition Acts.

Yes, I think States have the power of "nullification" with respect to laws passed by Congress as long as the law the can be proven unconstitutional. The Alien and Sedition Acts went directly against the first amendment which protected the freedom of speech. With such an obvious contradiction to the Constitution, the States had every right to nullify the Alien and Sedition Acts. States should nullify the any law that would be considered unconstitutional within the boundaries of the constitution.

Many agree with your position. But note that the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution is interpreted by federal courts to prohibit this.

H5. Write about any issue related to this week's lecture: Debate: Were state constitutions right or misguided in concentrating nearly all power in the legislatures?

State Constitutions were misguided in concentrating nearly all power in the legislatures. With only one branch of government, it would have been easy for Congress to become a type of "monarchy" and have unlimited power when making decisions, laws and regulations. There was no system of checks and balances and it probably would not have been long before America found itself in a state similar to England-the country they were trying to break away from. By concentrating all power in the legislative branch, a dictatorship could have formed eventually and the United States might have become like every other country.

Good, but seems to confuse state legislatures with Congress, which is only at the national level (in D.C.). (Minus 1) Also, I don't see how a large group of hundreds of people in Congress could be like a dictatorship.

Gabrielle D. <><

Grade: 89/90. The best collection of answers of anyone in this class so far! Congratulations!--Andy Schlafly 10:34, 27 February 2011 (EST)