Jannes and Jambres
- "For every man cast down his rod, and they became serpents. But Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods."
They are probably among the chief counsellors of Pharaoh and the same magicians among those also mentioned in Exodus 7:22 and 8:7, 18-19 and 9:11, producing blood and frogs, but powerless to imitate the effects of the other plagues of Egypt. The entire Biblical account of their activities is found in Exodus 7–10 and 2 Timothy 3:8.
Jewish legend suggests that Jannes and Jambres accompanied the Israelites among the "mixed multitude" that departed from Egypt after the night of Passover, and assigns to them the primary blame for counselling the making of the golden calf at Mount Sinai.
- 2 Timothy 3:8
- Exodus 7:8-13.
- Exodus 12:38
- Exodus 32:1-6