Joseph R. Hawley

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Joseph Roswell Hawley
Joseph R. Hawley LOC.png
Former U.S. Senator from Connecticut
From: March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1905
Predecessor William W. Eaton
Successor Morgan G. Bulkeley
Former Governor of Massachusetts
From: March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1877
Lieutenant Oliver Winchester
Predecessor William A. Buckingham
Successor James E. English
Former U.S. Representative from Massachusetts's 1st Congressional District
From: March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1881
Predecessor George M. Landers
Successor John R. Buck
Former U.S. Representative from Massachusetts's 1st Congressional District
From: December 2, 1872 – March 3, 1875
Predecessor Julius L. Strong
Successor George M. Landers
Party Free Soil (before 1856)
Republican (since 1856)
Spouse(s) Harriet Ward Foote
Military Service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch Union Army
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars Civil War

Joseph Roswell Hawley (October 31, 1826 – March 18, 1905), also known as Joe Hawley, was a journalist, Civil War brigadier general, and conservative[1] Republican from Connecticut who served as the state's U.S. senator from 1881 to 1905. He was previously a member of the Free Soil Party.

Along with Gideon Welles, Hawley was among the founders of the Connecticut Republican Party.[2]

Political career

A Radical Republican,[3] Hawley's viewpoints were exemplified in editorials he influenced as a journalist.[2] He favored a sound monetary policy in stating "every bond shall be as sacred as a soldier's grave," and maintained conservative positions on labor. During the presidency of Ulysses S. Grant, Hawley firmly supported Grant.[2]

In 1871, Republican maverick Benjamin F. Butler, also a general from the Civil War, attributed Hawley's removal from command to cowardice and disobedience; an outraged Hawley discredited Butler's narrative and received strong public backing.[2] In the year prior, Hawley and Butler came to an intraparty difference over equality for Chinese immigrants, vigorously campaigned against by the populist, demagogic Butler,[4] whose rhetoric appealed to the Irish.

Consistent with the politics of the Northeast, a bastion of classical liberalism in the era, Hawley supported civil service reform.[5]

See also


  1. Cohn, Henry S.; Gee, Harvey. “No, No, No, No!”: Three Sons of Connecticut Who Opposed the Chinese Exclusion Acts, pp. 4–5. Connecticut Public Interest Law Journal. Retrieved March 2, 2023.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Nicolson, John (1988). Hawley, Joseph Roswell. NCPedia. Retrieved March 2, 2023.
  3. "No, No, No, No!" p. 11.
  4. "No, No, No, No!" 13.
  5. "No, No, No, No!" p. 15.

External links

  • Profile at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress