- This article describes the usual sense of the term "judge." For the Biblical pre-regnal leader, see Judge (biblical)
A judge is an official charged with overseeing court cases and interpreting laws and rendering judgments. A judge an instrumental part of common law governments, as they have the authority to make binding law. A judge is usually expected to exercise and display several God-given mental talents to a high degree of proficiency such as a deep familiarity with the law and its concepts and traditions, wisdom and critical thinking. These are often summarized as the mental ability of "judgment".
In the United States, there are several different types of judges with different titles. Judges are generally appointed by an Executive or elected by the populace for a term of years. United States District Court judges are appointed by the President on the advice and consent of the Senate. However magistrates are appointed by the judges of each District Court.