Kay Boyle (1903-1992) was an American writer of novels and short stories. Her works include Wedding Day (1930), Plagued by the Nightingale (1931), Death of a Man (1936), Thirty Stories (1946), The Underground Woman (1975), and Fifty Stories (1980).
Life and works
Boyle was born February 19, 1902, in St. Paul Minnesota, was raised in Cincinnati, studies architecture in New York, took courses at Columbia University, studied the violin in Cincinnati, married a French engineer, and moved to France. In 1931 she released her first novel, Plagued by the Nightingale, about a woman whose husband refuses to allow her to appease her sensual desires; this is recognized as one of the first feminist novels. During both world wars, she divorced and married a different man, while writing novels and teaching at various universities. She became more political in Death of a Man, writing a novel about the allure and danger of fascism. After World War II, she left her third husband in Austria, moved to America, and wrote short stories for the New Yorker. She later supported integration, civil rights, banning nuclear weapons, and withdrawal from the Vietnam War before dying December 27, 1992, in California.
- Pace, Eric. "Kay Boyle, 90, Writer of Novels and Stories, Dies." The New York Times. Obituary. https://www.nytimes.com/1992/12/29/arts/kay-boyle-90-writer-of-novels-and-stories-dies.html
- The New York Public Library Student's Desk Reference. Prentice Hall, New York, 1993.
- "Kay Boyle's Life." http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/poets/a_f/boyle/bio.htm
- <a href="http://www.jrank.org/literature/pages/3416/Kay-Boyle.html">Kay Boyle Biography - (1902–1992), Being Geniuses Together, Plagued by the Nightingale, Year Before Last, My Next Bride, Avalanche</a>
- "Boyle, Kay." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Kay-Boyle
- Austenfeld, Thomas, and Anne Reynès-Delobel. "Kay Boyle." Oxford Bibliographies. http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199827251/obo-9780199827251-0099.xml
- Kay Boyle from the New Yorker contributor list http://www.newyorker.com/contributors/kay-boyle
- "Kay Boyle - Biography." Poem Hunter. https://www.poemhunter.com/kay-boyle/biography/