Licence to Kill

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Licence to Kill
Directed by John Glen
Produced by Albert R. Broccoli
Michael G. Wilson
Barbara Broccoli
Written by Michael G. Wilson
Richard Maibaum
Starring Timothy Dalton
Robert Davi
Carey Lowell
Robert Brown
Desmond Llewelyn
Caroline Bliss
David Hedison
Music by Michael Kamen
Cinematography Alec Mills
Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
United Artists
Release date(s) June 13, 1989
Running time 133 minutes
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Preceded by The Living Daylights
Followed by GoldenEye
Official website
IMDb profile

Licence to Kill (1989) is the sixteenth film of the James Bond film series and the second and last film to star Timothy Dalton as fictional British secret agent James Bond. It is the first film in the series not to be adapted from a Bond book or short story by Ian Fleming, although some elements from his writings are used in the film, such as the attack on Felix Lieter by the main villain (from Live and Let Die) and the character of Milton Krest (from For Your Eyes Only). It is also notable for being the last Bond film to feature Robert Brown as M and Caroline Bliss as Miss Moneypenny; in the following Bond film, GoldenEye, the rank of M was taken by a character played by Judi Dench, and the role of Miss Moneypenny was played by Samantha Bond. Licence to Kill is also the first James Bond film to earn a PG-13 rating in the United States, and a 15 rating in the United Kingdom. In fact, the film boards in both countries requested that several violent scenes be cut to avoid an R rating in the US and an 18 rating in the UK, although the uncut version of the film, complete with several graphic scenes, is included in its entireity on the 2006 James Bond Ultimate Edition DVD Collection. All following Bond films would also earn a PG-13 rating to this day. The film also marked the second and last appearance of David Hedison as Felix Lieter, who previously portrayed the character in Live and Let Die. It would be the last Bond film to include the character of Lieter until Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace, in addition to being the last Bond film produced during the Cold War. Licence to Kill was also the final Bond film in which Albert R. Broccoli served as the main producer. Broccoli would later return as a consulting producer for GoldenEye before his death in 1996. It was also the last film in the series to be directed by John Glen, who directed all of the official James Bond films released in the 1980s. Licence to Kill was also produced before the longest gap between James Bond films (six years) due to a heated legal battle in court for the next few years concerning the rights to the Bond series and character.