List of National Emergencies

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A national emergency is a situation in which a specific threat of danger to a nation is perceived and extra-constitutional powers are often granted. Below is a list of national emergencies in the United States:

Still current Date Description
Ended February 05, 1917 President Wilson declared a National emergency due to water transportation policy issues.
Ended March 9, 1933 President Franklin Roosevelt declared a National emergency days after becoming president, declaring a bank holiday. The Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917 was cited as the legal basis for the declaration. In 1973, the Senate made report 93-549 and listed this as one of four emergencies still in effect.
Ended September 8, 1939 Proclamation 2352 - Proclaiming a National Emergency in Connection with the Observance, Safeguarding, and Enforcement of Neutrality and the Strengthening of the National Defense Within the Limits of Peace-Time Authorizations
Ended May 27, 1941 FDR declared a National emergency under threat from Nazi Germany.[1]
Current November 14, 1979 After the 1979 Iranian hostage crisis, President Jimmy Carter issued Executive Order 12170 freezing Iranian assets
Ended May 2, 1985 After the election of Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua, President Ronald Reagan prohibited all trade between the U.S. and Nicaragua.[2] It was lifted in March 1990.
Ended June 9, 1998 President Clinton declared a National emergency during the bombing of Yugoslavia.[3]
Current October 24, 2009 Amidst the growing threat of Swine Flu, President Obama declared a National emergency to speed up the creation of an effective response.[4]
Current February 15, 2019 To prevent the continued invasion of illegals from Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Venezuela, and other South American countries, President Trump declared an emergency in order to build a wall on the southern border.[5]

Further reading