Maid of Norway

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Margaret (1283- 1290), Queen of Scots (1286-1290), usually known as the “Maid of Norway”, was the daughter of king Eric II of Norway and granddaughter of Alexander II of Scotland. All of Alexander's offspring had died before Alexander himself died in 1286, and Margaret, aged three, succeeded him. She was betrothed to the future Edward II, in a bid for Anglo-Scottish peace through the dynastic union of the English and Scottish crowns, but her death en route from Norway led to disputed succession in Scotland, the intervention of England's Edward I and the subsequent Wars of Scottish Independence.