Marcus Furius Camillus

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Marcus Furius Camillus was one of Rome's first great generals in its early history and appointed dictator five times under the Roman Republic. From 405 B.C. to 396 B.C. Rome was in its first "life or death" contest with the city of Veii and Furius Camillus was appointed dictator for the first time. Putting the city under siege, the Roman army at first was defeated, but was finally successful when Furius Camillus had them dig tunnels under the city and under that way while he distracted them with thinking an attack was coming from outside. After the disastrous Battle of the Allia, he was appointed dictator again and raised an army from the outlying districts, but got rid of the Gauls by paying tribute (390 B.C.). During a time of expansion that followed, Furius Camillus completely defeated the Aequians and Volsci tribes (389 B.C.). At another time when he was called up as dictator he drove off the Gauls in 367 B.C. He was also responsible for reoganizing the Roman Legion.


Encyclopedia of Military History, Dupuy & Dupuy, 1979