Modern science developed in the Christian West on the basis of the Medieval Christian conception of God as a rational creator, and author of the universe, whose rules would accordingly also be rational and predictable, and which we human beings, as rationas creatures, would be able to discover by use of our God-given intellectual abilities.
- ... the basis of modern science depends on the assumption that the universe was made by a rational Creator. An orderly universe makes sense only if it were designed and created by an orderly Creator (cf. 1 Corinthians 14:33). But if polytheism or atheism were true, there would be no way to deduce that the universe is, or should be, orderly. 
- what we know today as modern science developed only in the Christian West