|“||I have been sent with the shortest expressions bearing the widest meanings, and I have been made victorious with terror (cast in the hearts of the enemy), and while I was sleeping, the keys of the treasures of the world were brought to me and put in my hand.||”|
|Born|| c. 570/571 |
Mecca, Saudi Arabia
|Died|| 8 June 632 (aged c. 60 - 63) |
Medina, Saudi Arabia
Muhammad (also spelled Mohammed or (archaic) Mahomet) (A.D. 570-632), was the mythical founder of the ideology of Islam. A German Islamic scholar has said that Muhammad, "Likely never existed". Robert Spencer an intellectual, has written a book titled, "Did Muhammad Exist?: An Inquiry into Islam's Obscure Origins" which gives detailed evidence as to why Muhammad never existed.
Claimed by adherents of Islam as the final and greatest "prophet" of Allah (which they and their liberal allies incorrectly claim to be the God of Christianity and Judaism), Muhammad claimed in Allah's revelations, via the angel Jibril or Djibril (whom many unquestioningly assume was the angel Gabriel), that Judaism and Christianity had grown corrupt, and that Muhammad was to restore the religion God intended. However, common criticisms of Mohammed are: his marriage to a nine-year-old girl was inappropriate; his authorization of the beating of disobedient wives given in the Koran is unacceptable; and he was a vengeful, man of war (Mohammed said, “If God gives me victory in Quraysh [Muhammad’s own tribe in Mecca] in the future, I will mutilate 30 of their men.”).
In accordance with the Islamic hadith, its adherents add the phrase of "sallalahu aleyhi wasallam" (or "SAW"), meaning "peace be upon him" (or "PBUH"), after speaking Muhammad's name.
Muhammad's conquests and political philosophy later served as inspiration for Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler, the latter of whom (at least) hoped to use Islam as a template to form a more totalitarian religion than Christianity after World War 2.
Representations of Mohammed are well known from early on, but not very common. While some Muslims hold beliefs that it is against Islam to make images of Mohammed, others have more relaxed attitudes, and among Shia Muslims, such pictures are common, and much liked.
The Angel Jibril
The being Jibril is not absolutely of necessity proven to be the same being as Gabriel. The name is not exactly the same. The Arabic name claimed as being a translation of Gabriel is Jibril, Jibrīl, Jibreel, Jabrilæ or Djibril (جبريل , جبرائيل).
The word "angel" means "messenger". There are "angels of God" (John 1:51) and "angels of Satan" (Revelation 12:7-9), for example, Abaddon the Destroyer. Compare 2 Corinthians 11:12-15; Ephesians 6:12; Acts 26:18; Colossians 1:13, and multiple commentaries on 2 Corinthians 11:14 "And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light." Some claim that Muhammad encountered a demon in the darkness of the cave Hira, who claimed to be the angel Jibril. Others claim that the Prophet was looking at a night sky full of stars, the night of al-Qadr "The Majesty" (Sura 97).
Assuming a real spirit messenger, and that It did indeed deliver the oracles of the Qur'an to Muhammad, and is the being responsible for delivering the message, there is no guarantee that It was not lying to Muhammad. There is a huge difference between a falsehood believed to be truth, and a lie which is intended to deceive. Compare Specious reasoning.
The various names of God in the Bible include: YHWH, Elohim, El, Shaddai, ‘Elyon, Adonai, Ba’al ("Lord"), and Ẓeba’ot ("Sabbaoth"). The name Al’lah is not one of them. And the closest one is not even close: אלהי elohe.
Regarding the prophesied signs which came to pass, compare Deuteronomy 13:1-5 and multiple commentaries on Deuteronomy 13:2.
Life of Muhammad
Muhammad is claimed to be descended from Abraham through his son Ishmael who, under God's orders, was left in the Arabian desert with only a little food and water. The spot where this occurred is now called Mecca; today, over 3 million Muslims annually re-enact the frantic running of Ishmael's mother Hagar as she looked for water, in which Ishmael hit the ground with his foot causing water to flow forth. Still flowing today, the spring is known as the Well of Zam Zam.
Muhammad was orphaned at the age of six, as his father Abdullah died before he was born and his mother, Aminah, died soon after. This left him with his grandfather Abdul Muttalib, who died when he was six. He was then raised by his uncle Abu Talib (son of Abdul Muttalib), a powerful man among the Quraysh tribe who loved Muhammad more than anyone. Muhammad grew up, never taking part part in pagan rituals. He despised the actions, and began a tradition of fasting in the caves of Mecca every annual pilgrimage; the pagans at the time believed in Allah, and the Hajj, from the times of Ishmael, but they later added more gods to Allah. Lexically speaking, Allah comes from the word Ilah in Arabic, with the definite article Al placed in front, making it "Al-Llah", translating as "The One God". This is why Islam was tolerated from the start by most — Muhammad claimed not to have introduced a new God but instead spoke of the God of Abraham, Jesus, and Moses.
Muhammad was respected in Medina as he would frequently solve disputes. He was nicknamed Al-Amin, or The Truthful One, and was well loved by all. His followers claim he was never known to lie, cheat, or steal, though those were all common practices by the pagans of his time and continues to be so in Islam to the present day. Everyone, including his enemies like Abu Jahl, claimed his lineage to Ishmael and Abraham.
When he was about 40 years old, Muhammad's supposed early revelations from the Angel Jibril spoke of a need to return to the monotheism of Abraham; however, Muhammad was unsure of himself upon encountering what seemed to him to be the Angel Gabriel and rushed to his house, terrified. He told his wife Khadija of the events, and she assured him that God wouldn't let this happen to such a humble man. Khadija later went on to see her uncle, a Christian scholar who, after reviewing his religious texts (note that these texts are not the texts of today, as the Christians of Mecca and the Arabs were not Pauline or Roman Christians), claimed Muhammad was the next prophet. This as well as the Jews in Medina, who were also expecting a new prophet, albeit a prophet from the Jewish tribe; Muhammad's claimed prophethood was an unpleasant surprise to many of them and hence they rejected him. In this way Muhammad saw himself at an early age as reviving an ancient faith, a perceived correction to Christianity and Judaism, and restoring his people to what he saw as their rightful position as the true founders and heirs of monotheism. In these revelations, submission to the will of their claimed god — Allah — was critical. Muhammad's fledgling religion continued to develop throughout his life, through periodic revelations often relating directly to events currently facing his new faith. At one point, he admitted to being possessed by the devil.
The faith caught on slowly, winning only a few converts in Mecca (the first being his wife, Khadija). In 622 A.D, under increased pressure and ostracism from elders in Mecca, Muhammad began the hijra, an organized exodus of his followers from Mecca to the city of Medina. Muslims date the formation of their ideology to the hijra itself, even beginning their dating system at this point.
Muhammad was first introduced to the people of Medina; when frequent wars broke out between Jewish tribes and Arab tribes, Muhammad was sent for as a mediator between the two. Most Jews spoke highly of Muhammad, accepting him as the next Prophet, although some disliked that he was not of the descent of Moses or Bani Israel. When Muhammad came to Medina, most problems were resolved, and it was hailed as a success. One important battle which shed light on Muslim-Jewish tensions was The Battle of the Trench: Although there was a pact called The Constitution of Medina, one that gave all religions freedom and protective status under the Muslims, from Muslims or invaders, one Jewish tribe (Bani Qurayza) did not help defend the city. However, they allowed in Huyayy ibn Akhtab, a man exiled by Muhammad because of a dispute between Bani Qurayza and Bani Nadir, who encouraged Bani Qurayza to attack the Muslims and help the invaders so Muhammad would be defeated once and for all. Their plot was found out, though, and the pact was broken. This incident led to the execution of approximately 700 Jewish men from the tribe.
The execution was described as follows by Ibn Ishaq:
Then they surrendered, and the apostle confined them in Medina in the quarter of d. al-Harith, a woman of B. al-Najjar. Then the apostle went out to the market of Medina (which is still its market today) and dug trenches in it. Then he sent for them and struck off their heads in those trenches as they were brought out to him in batches. Among them was the enemy of Allah Huyayy b. Akhtab and Ka`b b. Asad their chief. There were 600 or 700 in all, though some put the figure as high as 800 or 900. As they were being taken out in batches to the apostle they asked Ka`b what he thought would be done with them. He replied, 'Will you never understand? Don't you see that the summoner never stops and those who are taken away do not return? By Allah it is death!' This went on until the apostle made an end of them. Huyayy was brought out wearing a flowered robe in which he had made holes about the size of the finger-tips in every part so that it should not be taken from him as spoil, with his hands bound to his neck by a rope. When he saw the apostle he said, 'By God, I do not blame myself for opposing you, but he who forsakes God will be forsaken.' Then he went to the men and said, 'God's command is right. A book and a decree, and massacre have been written against the Sons of Israel.' Then he sat down and his head was struck off.
There were eight men in the desert who were sick, so he told them that if they want their help, convert. So after he prescribed them camel milk and camel urine, they became apostates and got up next day in the early morning to kill the shepherd and escape with the camels. Muhammad sent an armed party to 20 men to get them back. So Muhammad got his sword, cut off their hands and feet then gouged their eyes and left them in the desert to die.
In 629 A.D. Muhammad and his followers attacked Khaybar, a Jewish stronghold and slaughtered almost everyone in the tribe which included men, women and children. Afterwards, a Jewish woman invites Muhammad and his companions for dinner and they gladly accept in a gullible fashion, even though they just slaughtered her entire family. She then proceeded to serve them lamb. Once they started chowing down, one of Muhammad's companions, who had consumed some of the lamb, died due to it being poisoned in which point Muhammad spat his piece of lamb out. By then it was too late, since Muhammad would go on to suffer in agonizing pain where his companions would have to carry him around until he died a few years later being beside Aisha, his child bride. The Jewish woman said that the poison was a test of Muhammad's prophet hood in which he did not pass, proving that he was a false prophet. She was killed by Muhammad's followers soon after.
There was a 90 year old tribal chief that criticized him, so he asked his henchmen to take for him her daughter and grandson and kill the men in her family. They grabbed her to place her between two camels facing each other back to back, and tied her legs with ropes to both camels and beat them. It can be found in the 16 minute YouTube film by a Coptic Christian that Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton accused of provoking the September 11, 2012 Benghazi Attack.
After Muhammad's death
Muhammad's death at an early age caused the splintering of his ideology into new subdivisions, over the question of succession. The groups called themselves the Sunnis and the Shi'as. Many attribute this split to the high degree to which authority was centered in the powerful character of Muhammad himself: without his powerful personality, the movement could not survive intact., however this depiction is not accurate in some lights. The Shi'as came into the picture much later than the death of Muhammad, and were first a nuisance group thought to be started by a Jew by the name of Abdullah ibn Saba who was burned at the stake by Abu Bakr for proclaiming Ali was God. Note that Ali disagreed with the punishment, because fire is a punishment only for Allah.
The failure or splintering of movements, such as personality cults, built around a charismatic leader is a recurring sociological problem, often studied by psychologists, and referred to as the problem of the routinization of charisma.
Obama's opinion about presenting Muhammad in a non-favorable light
On September 25, 2012, in his address to United Nations General Assembly, Barack Hussein Obama said that "The future must not belong to those who slander the prophet of Islam." This outrageous comment, yet another evidence that Barack Hussein Obama is almost certainly of Islamic heritage, was predictably ignored by the liberal media, but rightly highlighted by Conservative commentators.
- Narrated in Abu Huraira, in Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, Number 220
- "Prophet" Muhammad?
- Islam: Anti-Civilization at Conservative News and Views
- Allah Moon God
- ALLAH – the Moon God (biblebelievers.org.au)
- See the following articles:
- Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion (AHKR), University of Bergen.
- "messenger"—The Hebrew word is מלאך malak; the Greek word is αγγλος agglos "anglos, angel" (singular), plural αγγλοι aggloi "angloi, angels".
- Revelation 9:11; Exodus 12:23; Job 1:9-12; 2:4-7; 1 Chronicles 21:1, 15-16, 27.
- See the following articles:
- Muhammad's Encounter With A Demon In Cave Hira (bigfaithministries.com). Citations from the Hadith.
- Was Muhammad Possessed? From Muslim reports (harvardhouse.com) —A comparison of the experience of Saul of Tarsus and the experience of Muhammad.
- Sura 97—Al-Qadr "The Majesty"—English text.
- Muhammad didn't meet Gabriel in a Cave (islamichouseofisrael.com)
- Hebrew lacked vowels, and the English translation of “Yhwh” often inserts vowels to become “Yahweh”.
- אלהי elohe—see el and elohiym).
- http://crossmuslims.blogspot.com/2011/10/muhammad-and-satan_24.html —link contains a blogger warning
- Guillaume, p. 461-464
- Guillaume, p. 461-464
- Muhammad's Excessive Cruelty, Sam Shamoun
- Remember Khaybar, David Wood
- http://crossmuslims.blogspot.com/2012/10/innocence-of-muslims-dissected.html —link contains a blogger warning
- Bernard Lewis, What Went Wrong
- Maximillian Weber, Theory of Social and Economic Organization, in the chapter "The Nature of Charismatic Authority and its Routinization," see also Len Oakes, "Prophetic Charisma: The Psychology of Revolutionary Religious Personalities"
- FOX News: Transcript: Obama address to U.N. General Assembly (September 25, 2012)
- FOX News: Media ignore Obama attack on ‘those who slander the Prophet of Islam’ (September 26, 2012)
- List of Killings Ordered or Supported by Muhammad
- Muhammad's massacre of the Jewish tribe Banu Qurayzah
- The Killing of Umm Qirfa by Muhammad
- The Myth: Muhammad Lived at Peace with the Jews Part 3: The Banu Qurayza (thereligonofpeace.com)
- "Islamic ‘Death-Sex’ in Context" by Raymond Ibrahim - Published in FrontPage Magazine
- Is Allah the God of the Bible?, by Mike Tisdell (biblicalmissiology.org) —The writer says they cannot be the same.
- Is Allah, the God of Islam, the same as the Yahweh the God of the Bible?, by Matt Slick - CARM Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry (carm.org) —Matt Slick points out what he calls "a gross error" in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, paragraph 841, “ 'The plan of salvation also includes those who acknowledge the Creator, in the first place amongst whom are the Muslims; these profess to hold the faith of Abraham, and together with us they adore the one, merciful God, mankind's judge on the last day.' ". (boldface emphasis added)
- Catechism of the Catholic Church, paragraphs 839-870 (scborromeo.org) —access to CCC paragraph 841 in full context. (See Quoting out of context.)