Natalism is "the policy or practice of encouraging the bearing of children, especially government support of a higher birthrate."
Sub-replacement levels of fertility, absent immigration, causes population decline. Some countries in order to reverse population decline offer various incentives people to have big families in order to try to reverse declining populations. For example, incentives may include: single time baby bonuses; reoccurring child benefit payments or reductions in taxes. Some countries impose penalties such as taxes on families with fewer children. In addition, some nations, such as Japan/Singapore/South Korea and Taiwan, have implemented, or attempted to implement, interventionist natalist policies which create incentives for larger families among native people. Immigrants generally are not a part of natalist policies.
- "Pro-natalism: Breaking the baby strike". The Economist. 25 July 2015.
- Onishi, Norimitsu (21 August 2005). "South Korea, in Turnabout, Now Calls for More Babies". The New York Times