New Zealand kaka
|New Zealand Kaka|
|Subspecies|| N. meridionalis meridionalis|
N. meridionalis septentrionalis
The New Zealand kaka (Nestor meridionalis) is a species of parrot of the family Strigopidae, and found on both main islands of New Zealand. The name kākā ("parrot") comes from the language of the original Māori inhabitants.
The kaka is medium-sized, about 18 inches in length, and weighs 14 to 20 ounces. Females are slightly larger than males. The color of the plumage is predominantly brown on the neck, back, chest and top of the wings. The belly and a band between the neck and back are a dark-reddish in color, with the underwing coverts a brighter red. The forehead and the top of the head are gray with white flashes, and the sides of the head are a mix of grey, dull red, and orange. The upper beak is slightly longer as compared to other parrot species, and deeply-curved.
- Nestor meridionalis meridionalis; New Zealand: South Island
- Nestor meridionalis septentrionalis; New Zealand: North Island
Range and habitat
It inhabits low to mid-altitude forests of New Zealand: in summer at elevations of 1,350 to 2,550 feet, and in winter they occur from the flat coastal areas to the heights of 1,700 feet. They are occasionally observed at elevations of up to 4,500 feet, as well as in gardens and parks.