Orlando Hubbs

From Conservapedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Orlando Hubbs
Orlando Hubbs North Carolina.jpg
Former State Senator from New York
From: 1910–1911
Predecessor ???
Successor ???
Former State Assemblyman
from New York

From: 1902–1908
Predecessor ???
Successor ???
Former U.S. Representative from North Carolina's 2nd Congressional District
From: March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883
Predecessor William H. Kitchn
Successor James E. O'Hara
Former Sheriff of Craven County,
North Carolina

From: 1871–1881
Predecessor ???
Successor ???
Party Republican
Spouse(s) Hannah Amelia Wheeler
(died 1866)
Bertha Catherine Wheeler

Orlando Hubbs (February 18, 1840 – December 5, 1930) was a Republican from New York who briefly served as a one-term U.S. representative from North Carolina's 2nd congressional district during the Reconstruction era. He later returned to his home state, where he was a member of the upper legislative body.


Born in Cammack, New York on a farm, Hubbs was the son of Platt Rolph Hubbs and the former Deborah Ann Reeve.[1] He attended district schools in addition to a local academy, though left at the age of sixteen to pursue a career as a ship carpenter.

Political career

Along with his wife in 1865, Hubbs moved to North Carolina based on the request of his brother Ethelbert, a Union veteran of the American Civil War.[1] He became active as a merchant, and in 1870 was elected sheriff of Craven County.

U.S. House of Representatives

Hubbs ran for United States House of Representatives in 1880, an election cycle in which the GOP convention was divided over his party nomination.[1] However, the publicity of the factionalism dissolved during the general election campaign, where Hubbs defeated Democrat white supremacist William H. Kitchn by fifteen percentage points.[2]

During the 47th congressional session (1881–83), Hubbs was dubbed as being one of four "carpetbaggers," and worked quietly on patronage for political supporters, in addition to pursuing matters important to his district.[1]

In early January 1883, Hubbs was one of only seven House Republicans to vote against the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act,[3] legislation sponsored by Ohio Jim Crow Democrat George H. Pendleton to replace the spoils system (which Radical Republicans effectively used in the post-Civil War years to ensure civil rights for blacks) with a bloated bureaucracy controlled by Democrats to discriminate against blacks.[4] Under immense political pressure following the assassination of President James A. Garfield, the vast majority of Stalwarts which had opposed civil service reform ultimately voted for the Pendleton Act.

In the 1882 midterms, Hubbs ran for re-election, though once again faced GOP factionalism. The party's district convention resulted in disorder and confusion, as both he and attorney James E. O'Hara claimed to be the actual party nominee for the general election.[1] Hubbs subsequently dropped out of the race in mid-October that year,[5] noting the disastrous consequences of the intraparty schism.[1] O'Hara then won the general election that year to succeed Hubbs.[6]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Anderson, Eric D. (1988). Hubbs, Orlando. NCpedia. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  2. NC District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880. Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  3. TO PASS S. 133, A BILL REGULATING AND IMPROVING THE U. S. CIVIL SERVICE. (J.P. 163).. GovTrack.us. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  4. Matthews, Dylan (July 20, 2016). Donald Trump and Chris Christie are reportedly planning to purge the civil service. Vox. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  5. October 17, 1882. ORLANDO HUBBS WITHDRAWS.. The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  6. NC District 02 Race - Nov 07, 1882. Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 23, 2021.

External links