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Papyrus was one of the earliest types of paper invented. (The word paper derives from the word papyrus.) Created from a reed that grew along the banks of the Nile River, it produced a coarse, paperlike writing medium used by the Egyptians and other ancient cultures in the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East.[1] In Ancient Egypt, papyrus played an important role and greatly influenced the Egyptian society. Egypt had a monopoly on papyrus because the production method was kept secret after it had been developed around 4000 B.C.[2]

Papyrus and The Bible

The earliest known manuscript of the New Testament was written on papyrus.[3]


  1. The Earth and Its Peoples A Global History, Bulliet et al, 2005.
  2. Minnesota State University Mankato - Ancient Egyptian Papyrus
  3. Bible Research - Papyrus